This is the title of the chapter written by Elisabetta Marinelli, Susana Elena Pérez (Institute of Prospective Technological Studies, JRC-IPTS, European Commission) andAna Fernández-Zubieta (Institute for Advanced Social Studies, IESA-CSIC) in the book «The Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled Implications for Education Financing and Economic Policy».

Marcel Gérard and Silke Uebelmesser, editors of the book, make clear that «the mobility of students in developed countries has dramatically increased over the last fifty years. Students do not necessarily remain in their countries of origin for higher education and work; they might be born in one country, attend university in a second, and find employment in a third». Paying attention to this evidence, «contributors from Europe, North America, and Australia examine the interrelated mobility of university students and the highly skilled, and its consequences —in the country of origin, in the host country during studies, and in the work destination country— for fiscal policies, the financing of higher education, and economic growth.

Taking a variety of approaches, including formal modeling and econometric analysis, the contributors first examine evidence of the interrelationship between the mobility of students and graduates, especially researchers; investigate free-riding problems associated with mobility, including the provision and funding of public higher education; and address the effects of education policy on human capital accumulation and economic development, offering recommendations for well-designed policies in the presence of migration of talents».

The chapter International Mobility and Career Consolidation of European Researchers specifically analyzes the effect of international job-mobility on career success measured by obtaining an open-ended contract or tenure-track position.

Authors use an original database that covers experienced researchers in five European countries – France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. They develop a taxonomy of research mobility and analyze its impact on the probability of holding a permanent position. The analysis confirms that international mobility impacts on career consolidation. The key result, robust to several specification, is that repeat migrants are the least likely to achieve a permanent position, unless they are more productive than their peers. The country effects indicate that the career of researchers differs substantially within Europe, with German researchers being the least likely to consolidate their career in the long-term.

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